Backdating stock options legal
With more criminal charges in the pipeline, companies and executives need to understand the potential scope of criminal liability. ('Securities Act'); Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U. Tax Fraud Executives who used backdating practices may also face criminal prosecution for federal tax fraud. Therefore, to be criminally liable under the Code's criminal statutes, a person must 'willfully attemptto evade or defeat any tax imposed by [the federal government].' I.
Companies engaged in backdating wait for stock prices to rise and then grant executives at-the-money options that are dated earlier, when prices were lower.Fifty-two companies currently under criminal investigation. Moreover, the company avoids having to expense the options as current compensation, thus increasing earnings in the near term. As a consequence, the option is immediately profitable, or “in the money,” to the option holder. R.240.10b-5, which prohibit the use of manipulative and deceptive devices in connection with the purchase or sale of securities. Internal Revenue Code Section 422 Section 422 permits public companies to grant employees 'incentive stock options' (ISOs), allowing them to purchase the company's stock at a discount rate and free from taxes, unless and until the employee later sells any purchased shares.